Bush Urges World To End Darfur Crisis

KIGALI, Rwanda (CBS/AP) Speaking on soil once stained with the blood of Rwanda's genocide, President Bush called Tuesday on all nations to step up efforts to end "once and for all" the ethnic slaughter still continuing in Sudan's western Darfur region.

The president said the U.S. is using sanctions, pressure and money to help resolve the Darfur crisis. But Mr. Bush, frustrated at the lack of willingness of some other countries to do the same, sought to give his campaign for their increased involvement added weight by making pointed remarks on it from the Rwandan capital.

"The Rwanda people know the horrors of genocide," Mr. Bush said. "My message to other nations is: `Join with the president and help us get this problem solved once and for all.' And we will help."

Rwanda was the first to deploy peacekeepers to the violent Darfur region in a joint African Union-U.N. mission. The United States has trained nearly 7,000 Rwandan troops and spent more than $17 million to equip and airlift them into the region. The U.S. has committed $100 million to train and provide equipment for peacekeepers from several African nations deploying to Darfur.

"I'm not comfortable with how quick the response has been," the president said.

Mr. Bush spoke after a somber visit to the haunting Kigali Memorial Centre. Exhibits there tell the story of Rwanda's 1994 genocide as well as other ethnic slaughter around the world. Mass graves on a trellis-covered hilltop outside hold some remains of about 250,000 people. Over 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus were shot, clubbed and hacked to death in just 100 days by extremist Hutu militias incited by the then-government.

"It's a moving place. It can't help but shake your emotions to their very foundation," Mr. Bush said after walking through its rooms and gardens. "There is evil in the world and evil must be confronted."

Speaking to reporters today in Rwanda, the president took the time to comment on the news that Fidel Castro would be stepping down in Cuba.

Mr. Bush called on the international community to help Cuba transition to democracy, reports CBS News senior correspondent Bill Plante.

The president also pushed Rawandan President Paul Kagame on the continuing conflict in neighboring Congo, where Rwanda has a troubled history.

Many of the Rwandan genocide's perpetrators fled afterward into Congo, prompting fears here of a resurgence. As a result, Rwanda invaded Congo in 1998 and the back-to-back multination wars there killed a staggering 5.4 million people and decimated that country. Rwanda was accused of plundering Congo's resources before the war ended and it pulled its soldiers out in 2002.

Sporadic violence has continued to plague Congo's volatile no-man's-land in the east since, and some suspect Rwanda of still supplying armed groups there. Mr. Bush said he and Kagame talked "for a long time" about last year's peace accord between Rwanda and Congo and last month's fragile cease-fire forged between Congo's government and several armed groups. The U.S. helped broker both.

"The most important thing is to get results for the agreement and that's what we discussed today, on how to help bring peace to this part of the world," Mr. Bush said.

© MMVIII, CBS Interactive Inc. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. The Associated Press contributed to this report.


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