Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer diagnosed in men and the second leading cause of cancer death in Kansas.
June is Prostate Cancer Awareness Month and men should become aware of the risks and become informed on the effectiveness of screening.
According to the American Cancer Society, an estimated 1,350 cases of prostate cancer will be diagnosed in Kansas in 2008, and about 220 deaths will be attributed to the disease. The prostate is a small gland located just below the bladder in men.
“We make every attempt to provide men with the most current information about the benefits and risks of prostate cancer screening so that they can discuss issues with their health care provider and make informed choices,” said Paula Marmet, KDHE Office of Health Promotion.
Prostate cancer is the third leading cancer killer of men in the United States. Nearly 186,000 new cases will be diagnosed in 2008 and more than 28,000 men will die from prostate cancer. In order to help understand their risks, men should consider that:
· Two out of three prostate cancers are found in men over the age of
· Men with close family members, such as a father or a brother, who
have developed prostate cancer at a young age, are more likely to develop the disease. High levels of male hormones also may play a part in developing prostate cancer.
· Prostate cancer is more common among African-American men and
Jamaican men of African descent. The disease occurs more often in Whites than in Asians.
· Studies suggest that a diet high in saturated fat also may be a risk
· Men over the age of 65 who exercise vigorously and on a regular basis
have a lower rate of prostate cancer.
Screening tests for prostate cancer include a digital rectal exam (DRE) to check the prostate for lumps and/or a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test. These tests can detect early-stage prostate cancer, but the evidence that it improves health outcomes for men is inconclusive.