World Powers, Iran Reach Deal On Uranium

VIENNA, Austria (CNN) -- Key meetings on the future of Iran's nuclear program got under way Monday as officials from Tehran huddled with representatives of the United States, Russia and France at the U.N. nuclear watchdog agency here.

The world powers and Iran agreed in principle at the beginning of October that low-enriched uranium produced in Iran -- not weapons-grade material -- would be sent abroad for further enrichment, then returned for use in medical research and treatment.

Details of the tentative deal are expected to be worked out at the Vienna meetings, which could stretch into Tuesday, according to Javier Solana, the European Union foreign policy chief.

A senior U.S. official has said that the enrichment would take place in Russia.

"The potential advantage of this, if it's implemented, is that it would significantly reduce Iran's [low-enriched] stockpile, which itself is a source of anxiety in the Middle East and elsewhere," the official told reporters on October 1. It's a source of anxiety because low-enriched fuel has the potential of being further enriched into weapons-grade uranium.

The uranium enriched in Russia would then be processed into fuel cells by France and returned to Iran for use in its medical reactor, which is projected to run out of nuclear fuel in 12 to 18 months.

Ali Shirzadian, spokesman for the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, said Tehran is capable of doing the job itself.

"This will be a test to see how sincere the West is," he told the state-run Islamic Republic News Agency, referring to the plans to provide Iran with enriched uranium. "Iran is capable of uranium enrichment ... and will produce it to feed the Tehran research reactor, if needed."

Iran says its nuclear program is intended solely for peaceful purposes, but many in the international community have accused the country of trying to develop nuclear weapons capability.

Tehran sent shock waves through the international community recently by revealing the existence of the nuclear enrichment facility in a letter to the International Atomic Energy Agency.

"It is important for us to send out inspectors to do comprehensive verification ... to assure ourselves that it is ... fit for peaceful purposes," Mohamed ElBaradei, the head of the IAEA, said this month.

After the inspection, but before the end of the month, Iranian officials are expected to meet with the five permanent members of the U.N. Security Council -- Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States -- plus Germany to further discuss Tehran's nuclear program.

Participants will include Iran's envoy to the IAEA, Ali-Asghar Soltaniyeh; Nikolay Spassky, deputy head of the Russian Federal Atomic Energy Agency; Frederic Mondoloni, French representative to the IAEA; and U.S. Department of Energy Deputy Secretary Daniel Poneman.

During a news conference Sunday in London, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton reaffirmed the Obama administration's stance on Iran. "It has a long way to go before any of us are convinced that Iran is willing to abide by its international obligations and to cease and desist any efforts toward its nuclear programs," she said.

It is important for Iran to know that the world is watching, added Clinton, who was completing a diplomatic trip in Europe. "The international community will not wait indefinitely for evidence that Iran is prepared to live up to its international obligations."

-- CNN's Matthew Chance and Michael Sefanov contributed to this report from Vienna.

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