WASHINGTON (CNN) -- Voting on strictly partisan lines, a House committee recommended Wednesday that Attorney General Eric Holder be cited for contempt of Congress for failing to turn over documents relating to the botched Fast and Furious weapons sting operation.
The measure now goes to the full House for consideration, expected next week, of what would be an unprecedented event -- Congress holding a sitting attorney general in contempt.
"Unless the attorney general reevaluates his choice and supplies the promised documents, the House will vote to hold him in contempt next week," said a statement by the chamber's Republican leaders. "If, however, Attorney General Holder produces these documents prior to the scheduled vote, we will give the (committee) an opportunity to review in hopes of resolving this issue."
All 23 Republicans on the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee supported the measure, while the 17 Democrats opposed it, reflecting the deep political divide on the issue.
The vote ended an extraordinary day-long hearing that took place after President Barack Obama asserted executive privilege over some documents sought by the panel investigating the Fast and Furious program.
Committee chairman Rep. Darrell Issa, R-California, refused to put off consideration of the measure, saying the White House assertion of executive privilege "falls short" of any reason to delay the hearing.
However, Issa said after the hearing that he believes a settlement to avoid an unprecedented contempt vote in the House is "in the best interest of the Justice Department, Congress, and those most directly affected by Operation Fast and Furious."
In a statement later Wednesday, Holder called Issa's decision to hold the vote "an election-year tactic" and "an extraordinary, unprecedented and entirely unnecessary action, intended to provoke an avoidable conflict between Congress and the executive branch."
The committee's top Democrat, Rep. Elijah Cummings of Maryland, accused Issa of setting an "impossible standard" for Holder by initially demanding documents the attorney general is legally prohibited from providing. Now Issa has "no interest in resolving" the dispute with Holder, Cummings said.
Wednesday's developments further heightened the drama of a high-profile showdown between Issa and Holder over the Fast and Furious program that dates back to subpoenas issued by the House committee last year.
The White House move means the Department of Justice can withhold some of the documents from the committee.
In a letter to Obama seeking the assertion of executive privilege, Holder said the documents involved related to the Justice Department's "response to congressional oversight and related media inquiries," and that release of internal executive branch documents would have "significant, damaging consequences."
Holder also said releasing the documents would "inhibit the candor of executive branch deliberations in the future and significantly impair the ability of the executive branch to respond independently and effectively to congressional oversight."
A separate Justice Department letter to Issa made public minutes before Wednesday's committee meeting was scheduled to begin said Obama "has asserted executive privilege over the relevant post-February 4, 2011, documents."
"We regret that we have arrived at this point, after the many steps we have taken to address the committee's concerns and to accommodate the committee's legitimate oversight interests regarding Operation Fast and Furious," said the letter from Deputy Attorney General James Cole. "Although we are deeply disappointed that the committee appears intent on proceeding with a contempt vote, the department remains willing to work with the committee to reach a mutually satisfactory resolution of the outstanding issues."
The hearing started 20 minutes late as panel members digested Cole's letter, and Issa immediately made clear he intended to hold a vote on the contempt measure.
Issa's committee is specifically seeking documents that show why the Department of Justice decided to withdraw as inaccurate a February 2011 letter sent to Congress that said top officials had only recently learned about Fast and Furious.
Holder said he offered to turn over some of the documents sought by Issa when they met Tuesday in a final effort to resolve the dispute before Wednesday's hearing. Issa, however, said Holder put unreasonable conditions on his offer/
In a letter to Issa after Tuesday's meeting, Cole reiterated Holder's position that the documents would show Holder had nothing to hide about his role in Fast and Furious.
Cole noted that the lone point of dispute was whether the February 4, 2011, letter was part of a broader effort to obstruct a congressional investigation.
"The answer to that question is an emphatic 'no' and we have offered the committee the opportunity to satisfy itself that that is so," Cole wrote.
The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives launched Operation Fast and Furious out of Arizona to track weapon purchases by Mexican drug cartels. However, it lost track of more than 1,000 firearms that the agency had allowed straw buyers to carry across the border, and two of the lost weapons turned up at the scene of the 2010 killing of U.S. Border Patrol agent Brian Terry.
Issa and other Republicans on the panel mentioned Terry's death by name in accusing Holder and the Justice Department of trying to stonewall the investigation of what happened.
"The Department of Justice has fought this investigation every step of the way," Issa said.
Rep. Jason Chaffetz, R-Utah, complained that subpoenas for documents remained unresolved eight months later.
"We have not gotten to the bottom of this, and Brian Terry was killed in December of 2010," Chaffetz said.
Terry's family issued a statement Wednesday that called for all of the documents sought by the committee to be turned over.
"Our son lost his life protecting this nation, and it is very disappointing that we are now faced with an administration that seems more concerned with protecting themselves rather than revealing the truth behind Operation Fast and Furious," the statement said.
Cummings and other Democrats challenged the Republican contention of stonewalling by Holder, saying political motivations are at play.
"It shouldn't be a political witch hunt against the attorney general and the president in an election year," said Rep. Carolyn Maloney, D-New York.
The Tuesday meeting between Issa and Holder amounted to little more than a reiteration of the positions the two staked out in an exchange of letters the previous week
Holder's statement Wednesday defended his handling of the Fast and Furious case, noting he shut it down and that his department provided almost 8,000 documents to the House panel.
"Any claims that the Justice Department has been unresponsive to requests for information are untrue," Holder said. "From the beginning, Chairman Issa and certain members of the committee have made unsubstantiated allegations first, then scrambled for facts to try to justify them later. That might make for good political theater, but it does little to uncover the truth or address the problems associated with this operation and prior ones dating back to the previous administration."
At Wednesday's hearing, Republicans repeatedly called for Holder to turn over all the documents sought by the committee.
The subpoenas issued last year originally cited a broad array of documents, including wiretap requests and other materials involving confidential sources that Holder argued he was prevented by law from supplying. Issa narrowed the request in negotiations with Holder in recent weeks.
"Either we have the right to the documents and we should get all of them, or we have no business here," shouted Republican Rep. Trey Gowdy of South Carolina.
However, Democrats argued the documents demanded by Issa related to internal discussions about responding to the Fast and Furious investigation, rather than the committee's intended purpose of finding out who authorized the failed program.
"There is nothing in this remaining set that has anything to do with how gun-walking happened and how it is going to be reformed," said Rep. John Tierney, D-Massachusetts. "That's what we promised the (Terry) family -- to find out how it happened, which we have done, and then we promised them reform, which we are not doing."
The party-line division in the panel extended to the portrayal of the Tuesday meeting attended by Holder, Issa, Cummings and others.
Issa and Republicans rejected the conditions of Holder's offer, while Cummings and Democrats said the panel should work with Holder to seek a resolution instead of voting now on what would be the unprecedented contempt citation of a sitting attorney general.
Another person at Tuesday's meeting, Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Pat Leahy, D-Vermont, said afterward that he supports Holder and appreciates "that he is going the extra mile to resolve this."
However, Sen. Charles Grassley of Iowa, the ranking Republican member of the Senate Judiciary Committee, who also participated in the meeting, said Holder was seeking to get cleared before he actually turned over any of the requested information.
"We thought we'd get the documents and we got zilch," Grassley told CNN on Wednesday.
While such disputes have long been part of the interaction between Congress and the government, the public showdown between Holder and Issa -- coming in the politically charged atmosphere of an election year -- raised the stakes on an already volatile issue.
Issa has accused the attorney general of stonewalling an investigation into Fast and Furious and how the Justice Department provided Congress with erroneous information about it. The department says it already has handed over more than 7,000 pages of records to House investigators, and that the remaining material Issa wants could jeopardize criminal prosecutions.
The back-and-forth letters exchanged between Holder and Issa before Tuesday's meeting revealed an incremental negotiation over what the committee wanted and what the Department of Justice was willing to provide.