The chief judge of that court, Eric Washington, issued the temporary suspension order Thursday.
The 85-year-old Stevens, R-Alaska, lost his bid for re-election. The Senate's longest-serving Republican was convicted on seven counts of lying on Senate financial disclosure documents to hide hundreds of thousands of dollars in gifts and home renovations.
The conviction triggered the procedure against Stevens, who has the right to contest the action.
The retiring senator has asked for a new trial. He has not been sentenced.