(CBS/AP) President-elect Barack Obama pledged to make deficit reduction a goal of his administration Tuesday - but only after recovery from the financial crisis is well under way. "We are going to have to jump start the economy," he said.
At his second news conference in as many days, Obama claimed a "mandate to move the country in a new direction," and promised to consult with Republicans as he goes about it.
"I think what the American people want more than anything is just commonsense, smart government. They don't want ideology, they don't want bickering, sniping, they want action and effectiveness. When it comes to the budget, people don't want to continue argument about big government or small government, they want smart government and effective government."
The president-elect announced Peter Orszag would be his budget director, charged with scrutinizing spending with a goal of "eliminating those programs we don't need and insisting that those we do need operate in a cost-effective way." As an example that needs review, he cited reports that more than 2,700 millionaires received farm payments between 2003 and 2007, even though it wasn't clear they were eligible.
"Budget reform is not an option. It's a necessity," he said, adding he would ask his economic aides to "think anew and act anew."
Orszag is the director of the Congressional Budget Office, a man who the president-elect said "knows where the bodies are buried."
Obama's focus on careful federal spending marked something of a contrast from Monday, when he declared that restoring the economy to health took priority. Then, he urged Congress to prepare an economic stimulus program for him to sign as soon after Inauguration Day as possible. Estimates of the measure range from $500 billion to $700 billion over two years.
In Tuesday's remarks, he said, "As soon as the recovery is well under way, we need to set up a long-term plan to reduce the structural deficit and make sure we are not leaving a mountain of debt for the next generation."
"With several news availabilities and announcements this week, the President-elect is setting down some general principles for his economic team going forward to try to reassure the markets and consumers alike,” said CBSNews.com senior political editor Vaughn Ververs. “The new administration is still two months from taking power and but we’re seeing a real effort from the incoming team to make sure everyone knows they’re already beginning to work on a very complex and difficult set of problems.”
The deficit has soared during President Bush's tenure, and could well approach the once-unthinkable level of $1 trillion this year by the time the costs of the financial bailout and economic stimulus are taken into account.
Federal red ink hit a record $455 billion in fiscal 2008, ending Sept. 30, more than double the previous year.
"We are going to have to jump-start the economy ... but we have to make sure that those investments are wise. We have to make sure we are not wasting money in every area," Obama said Tuesday, defining the two objectives that will guide his economic program.
Elected on Nov. 4 in an Electoral College landslide, Obama claimed "a mandate to move the country in a new direction and not continue the same old practices that have gotten us into the fix we are in."
At the same time, he said, after gaining only 53 percent of the popular vote," we enter into the administration with a sense of humility and a recognition that wisdom is not the monopoly of any political party."