** FILE ** In this July 2, 2008 file photo, a foreclosed home is seen for sale in Sacramento, Calif. A record 9 percent of American homeowners with a mortgage were either behind on their payments or in foreclosure at the end of June, as damage from the housing crisis continues to mount, the Mortgage Bankers Association said Friday, Sept. 5, 2008. (AP Photo/Rich Pedroncelli, file)
WASHINGTON - Rates on 30-year mortgages dropped sharply this week, falling to the lowest level in five months, as the government's dramatic takeover of mortgage giants Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac had the hoped-for impact of lowering mortgage rates.
Freddie Mac reported Thursday that its nationwide survey found that 30-year, fixed-rate mortgages dipped to 5.93 percent this week, down from 6.35 percent last week.
The sharp decline pushed the 30-year rate below 6 percent for the first time since late May and marked the lowest level for this rate since they averaged 5.88 percent the week of April 17.
Private economists had predicted that the government's move on Sunday to take control of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac would result in lower mortgage rates for consumers because it removed a huge uncertainty about the future of the two firms, which own or guarantee half of the nation's mortgages.
Mark Zandi, chief economist at Moody's Economy.com, said Thursday that he believed rates could keep falling and perhaps drop to around 5.5 percent on the 30-year mortgage, which would give a further boost to the battered housing market.
"This is the most significant positive benefit of the government takeover of Fannie and Freddie," Zandi said. "I think it is important that rates have fallen below the key 6 percent benchmark and hopefully rates will move lower in coming weeks."
The 30-year mortgage hit a high for this year at 6.63 percent on July 24 and had been above 6 percent since late May.
The Freddie Mac survey showed that other mortgage rates declined this week although one-year rates bucked the downward trend.
Rates on 15-year, fixed-rate mortgages, a popular choice for refinancing, fell to 5.54 percent, down from 5.90 percent last week.
Rates on five-year, adjustable-rate mortgages averaged 5.87 percent this week, down from 5.97 percent last week.
One-year, adjustable-rate mortgages edged up to 5.21 percent, compared to 5.15 percent last week.
The mortgage rates do not include add-on fees known as points. The nationwide fee for 30-year, 15-year and five-year mortgages averaged 0.7 point last week. The nationwide fee for one-year mortgages averaged 0.6 point this week.
A year ago, rates on 30-year mortgages stood at 6.31 percent, 15-year mortgage rates averaged 5.97 percent, five-year adjustable-rate mortgages were at 6.17 percent and one-year adjustable-rate mortgages stood at 5.66 percent.