A Billion for Barnes and Noble?

By: By Charlie Blaine
By: By Charlie Blaine
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If you think about the totality of what John Malone does, then you begin to understand why he wants to buy Barnes & Noble (BKS).

Late Thursday, Malone's Liberty Media (LINTA) offered to buy the big bookstore chain for $17 a share, or about $1 billion, a 20.5% premium over the company's $14.11 closing price. The stock traded as high as $17.60 after hours, which is a signal some investors expect the offer to increase somewhat.

The offer comes with a condition: Chairman Leonard Riggio needs to stay, and he needs to have an equity position in the business. Barnes & Noble wouldn't say what it or Riggio will do. But it will consider the offer, which will need financing.

Malone is interested because he is in the media business, and he sees Barnes & Noble as a media business because of its sizable online operation and its Nook electronic reader.

Malone's company owns Gifts.com; 40% of Expedia (EXPE), the online travel agency; 81% of Backcountry.com. Malone has interests in cable television, including Starz, the premium cable network; HSN, which operates the Home Shopping Network, and QVC, which operates a host of online retailing businesses.

There's more: a 67% stake in McNeil/Lehrer Productions, which produces the "PBS News Hour"; a 40% interest in satellite radio operator Sirius XM Radio (SIRI). His Leisure Arts business publishes needlework, craft, decorating, entertaining and other of what his company calls "lifestyle interest how-to books." He has a host of smallish stakes in other media companies, including Time Warner (TWX) and Time Warner Cable (TWC).

Apple's (AAPL) iPad may get a lot of attention, but the fact is that Amazon.com's (AMZN) Kindle has a 67% share of the electronic-reader business. Barnes & Noble has a 22% share. But Barnes & Noble has a 27% share of the electronic-book business, compared with Kindle's 58% and Apple's 9% share.

Barnes & Noble's online business, which is where Nook resides, saw revenue jump 52% to $319.4 million in its fiscal third quarter, which ended on January 31st. Most of the gain is Nook-related. The online business represented about 14% of Barnes & Noble's business in the quarter, up from 10% a year earlier.

But the book business has been troubled in recent years. Borders is in Chapter 11 bankruptcy and is shutting down stores. Independent shops are closing. Riggio put Barnes & Noble up for sale a year ago.

So, a great deal about Barnes & Noble would interest a John Malone, especially if Riggio stays. Riggio built Barnes & Noble from a modest New York bookseller into a national book chain and was willing to invest in Nook to compete against Amazon when a lot of analysts thought he was crazy.

Would Riggio be willing to sell? Yes, because he might get some backing to continue to build up the Nook business. Certainly, he would be able to tell his shareholders he got them out of a horrible situation. The stock was at $47 in 2005 and fell to as low as $8.77 on April 18.

Barnes & Noble operates more than 700 bookstores across the country and is the world's largest specialty retailer, with revenue of nearly $7 billion in the last four quarters. Riggio started out running a college bookstore in Manhattan’s Greenwich Village. In 1971, he bought the Barnes & Noble name and its flagship store in Manhattan. The company expanded through acquisitions, buying B. Dalton Bookseller and Doubleday Bookshops.


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